A stem cell transplant, also called bone marrow transplant is a medical treatment that replaces your bone marrow with healthy cells. The replacement cells can either come from your own body or from a donor. In stem cell transplants, stem cells replace cells damaged by chemotherapy or serve as a way for the donor's immune system to fight some types of cancer and blood-related diseases which are very common in our environment.Bone marrow is extracted, from a patient's hip, abdomen or other parts of the body. The bone marrow is centrifuged, separating the stem cells from other components in the marrow. The final product is injected directly in the affected disc or joint using ultrasound imaging. Stem cell root are found in bones and liver.
A stem cell transplant may help you live longer. In some cases, it can even cure blood cancers. Stem cell also enhances stem cell activity for regeneration. also enhances stem cell activity for regeneration.
Benefits of stem cell Transplant
Stem cell helps to treat cardiovascular diseases . The cardiovascular diseases deprive the heart tissues of oxygen and causing the formation of scars which causes high blood pressure. Stem cell can helps to enhance the growth of healthy skin. It also helps to stimulate hair development after incisions or loss. Stem cell treatment also helps to subsitute the scars tissues with newly developed healthy tissue.Stem cells involves the harvesting of your healthy stem cells and spinning them in a centrifuge to separate out the needed cells and then reinjecting those cells into the treatment area.
Scientific study of stem cell
Scientists use stem cells to search for new drugs that improve their function or alter the progress of disease as well as to test how drugs might affect the different organs of the body like kidneys and liver etc.
Who discovered the stem cells?
Ernest Mcculloch and james till discovered the stem cells in 1960s to demonstrated their role in blood cells formation through the series of experiments or practical in mice.
Types of stem cells
There are two types of stem cells :
Embryonic stem cells:This stem cell characterized as pluripotent and capable of developing into specialized cells of adult cells.
Adult stem cells:These types of stem cells exist in certain tissues of the body.Stem cells are different from others cells in three ways:Stem cells divide, unspecialized and renew themselves over a long time and they cannot do specific functions in body.
What type of biology and bio technology in stem cells?
Stem cell provided the new cells for body as its replace and grow the specialized cells which are damaged or lost by some reason. They can change into the other types of cell which make up the body. They develop the tools and therapeutics through the engineering and modification of stem cells.
According to microbiology
According to micro biology the stem cells present in the body which have ability to differentiate into different types of cells and these are essential cells which replace the damaged cells due to any disease.